sexta-feira, 10 de março de 2017

Textos para Prova Mensal de Inglês - Março - 1º Médio

Heathrow

Surely the greatest airport in the world is Heathrow in London, England. It tops the list of international flights - it handles over two hundred thousand of them every year. It also tops the list of international passengers - seventeen million in a year.
Heathrow has the problems of all the world's airports. It sits at the crossroads between Europe and North America, and between Europe and Asia. Fifty-three thousand people work there: as many work-people as a full-size city.

All kinds of people pass through this strange world - rich and poor, honest and criminal, unknown and famous, etc. Heathrow is truly an Airport International.

Textos para Prova Mensal de Inglês - Março - 2º Médio

Drug addiction
Definition
By Mayo Clinic staff
Drug addiction is a dependence on an illegal drug or a medication. When you're addicted, you may not be able to control your drug use and you may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes. Drug addiction can cause an intense craving for the drug. You may want to quit, but most people find they can't do it on their own.
For many people, what starts as casual use leads to drug addiction. Drug addiction can cause serious, long-term consequences, including problems with physical and mental health, relationships, employment and the law.
You may need help from your doctor, family, friends, support groups or an organized treatment program to overcome your drug addiction and stay drug-free.

Brazil: Water for life, water for all
With a programme that extends from the Amazon to Rio de Janeiro, WWF is working to increase the range of protected wetlands in Brazil, educate local people on the importance of water as a resource, and strengthen the laws to control water use.
Conserving a global freshwater haven
Brazil is home to 14 percent of the world’s freshwater, the vast majority of which flows down the mighty Amazon river. The country is also host to the planet’s largest continental wetland – the Pantanal. Yet Brazil has a water crisis. Almost nine million families have no access to drinkable water and around 70 percent of all hospital admissions are caused by water-related diseases. WWF’s programme in Brazil, supported for five years by HSBC’s £3.5 million investment, extends from the Amazon to Rio de Janeiro. Through this work WWF is increasing the range of protected wetlands, educating local people on how to manage their precious water resources, and strengthening local and national laws that cover freshwater use.
São João river basin
Located in the densely populated area in Rio de Janeiro state, the São João river basin is another freshwater region where the programme is working. The area suffers high levels of pollution from agriculture and sewage. The WWF programme aims to encourage and empower local communities to reduce pollution so that the people of Rio de Janeiro will receive cleaner water.
Water for Life campaigns

Through campaigning, WWF is helping people to understand the importance of water resource issues and how to solve them, and is catalyzing them to take action. A national campaign is showing the importance of protecting the forests at the headwaters of Brazil’s rivers, increasing the availability of clean drinking water and basic sanitation, and reducing water waste. This is being alternated with two themed campaigns which are focusing on improving the management of headwaters in the capital, Brasilia, and reducing the impacts of sewage and sanitation on the environment. WWF is also working with church and government to prepare and distribute educational material to schools and youth groups.

Textos para Prova Mensal de Inglês - Março - 3º Médio

Wealth doesn't always predict good health

   NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - The findings from a study of insulin resistance in Europe suggest that high earnings and an advanced educational level do not always translate into good health. In Denmark, children of the most educated and highest earning parents showed the least insulin resistance. By contrast, in Estonia and Portugal, just the opposite was seen.
   Insulin resistance, also known as decreased insulin sensitivity, develops when blood sugar levels need to get much higher before insulin release is triggered. Over time, this resistance can cause health problems and lead to diabetes.
   The findings, which appear in the current issue of the British Medical Journal, are based on a study of about 1,000 randomly selected schoolchildren living in each of the three countries. In the Danish group, children of the most educated fathers had 24 percent lower insulin resistance than children of the least educated fathers, lead author Dr. Debbie A. Lawlor, from the University of Bristol in the UK, and colleagues note. A similar association was seen with parent income. In the Estonian and Portuguese groups, however, children of the most educated fathers had 15 percent and 19 percent higher insulin resistance, respectively, than their peers of the least educated fathers. The magnitude of these associations was largely unchanged when the findings were adjusted for other potentially influential factors.

EDITORIAL

   This issue of "Gender Equality News" focuses on trafficking of women. It is recognized that we need to look not only at changing the attitudes of the authorities who deal with trafficked victims, but also the prejudices that victims may face within their own communities when and if they return. Julie Bindel opens the debate by looking at the response in the UK to this problem. Alongside the need to revisit the legislation on prosecution of traffickers and our support for victims, she argues that we need to address the fundamental question of demand. Judge Nimfa Cuesta Vilches from the Philippines provides an overview of current law provision on trafficking in her own country. A British Council colleague contributes her view of the socioeconomic conditions that make women in Ukraine vulnerable to the professional international traffickers. Other perspectives from Greece and Bulgaria look at bringing together agencies to work on this issue and the need to raise awareness among vulnerable groups and the community at large. Finally, as a departure from our main focus in this issue, we have the wonderful photographs by Nancy Durrell Mckenna. In an interview she explains the reasons she set up her charity, Safehands for Mothers.
   Our next issue will focus on CEDAW and the progress made 25 years on from its creation, and we welcome articles and photographs on this topic.

Alison Smith (Gender Equality Consultant)